Category: Muslim Heritage

Astrolabes and Early Islam: Mariam “Al-Astrolabiya” Al-Ijliya

Astrolabes and Early Islam: Mariam “Al-Astrolabiya” Al-Ijliya

By Nageen Khan What is an Astrolabe? An astrolabe is a historical instrument used to predict the position of the sun, moon, planet, and stars. It was perfected during the Islamic Golden Age and the European Middle Ages and Renaissance. Many prominent historical figures (including writer Geoffery Chaucer and possibly ancient astronomer Claudius Ptolemy) have

Islamic Calligraphy

Islamic Calligraphy

A little taste of an Islamic Art The Glorious Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be on him) in the seventh century of the Christian Era (610 CE – 632 CE). The revelations came to the Prophet through the angel Gabriel. For the past fourteen centuries, Muslims from all over the world

Baghdad: Libraries and House of Wisdom

Baghdad: Libraries and House of Wisdom

Baghdad’s libraries Muslims learned how to make paper from the Chinese, and proceeded to transform this art into a major industry. By 793 C.E., there were many paper mills in Baghdad. This was a revolutionary development because the existing alternatives to paper were papyrus, which was fragile, and parchment, which was expensive; paper, on the

Muslims in Latin America

Muslims in Latin America

  When the Americas were discovered by the Spaniards in the fifteenth century, they brought slaves from the north and west of Africa who introduced Islam in Latin America, staying in countries like Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and some Caribbean islands. In many cases, these Muslim slaves were forced to leave their religious beliefs or be

Europe: Scholarship and Inventions

Europe: Scholarship and Inventions

Muslim scholars and their inventions In the West, many Muslim scholars were given Latin names such as Avicenna (Ibn Sina, c. 980 – 1037), Rhazes (ar-Razi, c. 841-926), and Averroes (ibn Rushd, c. 1126-1198); their works, as translated in Latin, became widely available. For instance, Ibn Sina’s Canon of Medicine set the standard for medicine and

Islam in USA – American Mosques

Islam in USA – American Mosques

Courtesy U.S. Department of State’s Office of International Information Programs More than 1,200 mosques and Islamic centers have existed in this country, according to a survey conducted in the latter part of the 1990s, but fewer than 100 were actually designed as mosques. The survey revealed that most Islamic congregations in the United States began

Know These Great Women of Islamic History

Know These Great Women of Islamic History

By Dr. Abu Nawaar   In the Quran, God declares: “For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for true men and women, for men and women who are patient and constant, for men and women who humble themselves, for men and women who give in charity, for men and women who fast, for

Female Scholarship in Islam

Female Scholarship in Islam

By Dr. Mohammad Akram Nadwi Men and women are equal “O Mankind! Fear your Lord who has created you from a single soul, and from it He created its mate; and from them both, He brought forth multitudes of men and women. Be mindful of God through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and revere

Sumayyah Binte Khayyat

Sumayyah Binte Khayyat

By Farah Onaid     The first female martyr of Islam was a black slave in pre-Islamic Arabia. As we explore her story, one can’t help but wonder: What attracted her to Islam? How did she gather the indomitable courage to defy the norm and embrace change? Was the price she paid worth it? What

Kairouan, Tunisia

Kairouan, Tunisia

Kairouan: A Center of Learning, Arts, and Sciences The change of government in Tunisia recently took everyone by surprise. All eyes turned to the capital, Tunis, when Ben Ali relinquished his power and fled the country, causing a ripple effect in the region. Here, we would like to highlight another city in Tunisia – Kairouan