Category: Muslim Heritage

Europe: Sicily

Europe: Sicily

The Emirate of Sicily, located in the south of Italy, was a part of the larger Islamic Empire from the ninth to the eleventh centuries, under a variety of rulers. Under Muslim administration, Sicily flourished: its population doubled, people of different ethnic and religious backgrounds co-existed harmoniously, agriculture prospered, exports increased, and irrigation systems improve.

Indonesia

Indonesia

Saulat Pervez On her recent visit to Indonesia in February, 2009, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton remarked, “If you want to know if Islam, democracy, modernity and women’s rights can coexist, go to Indonesia.” Italian Foreign Minister Franco Frattini expressed similar sentiments during a conference hosted by the Italian Foreign Ministry and the Rome-based Sant’

Timbuktu, Mali

Timbuktu, Mali

  Timbuktu has long captured popular imagination as a legendary city. The fact that it actually exists still surprises some people who have merely pictured it as a mysterious or mythical place. In reality, Timbuktu became renowned for its riches and scholarship after it was permanently settled by the Muslims. Timbuktu is located in the

Cairo, Egypt

Cairo, Egypt

  The world was lately riveted by the events taking place in Cairo, Egypt. The unfolding revolution in Tahrir Square transcended ethnic and religious affiliations, inspiring people worldwide with the power of change. In fact, this historic city has undergone many upheavals over the centuries and repeatedly risen above the setbacks with renewed fervor. Cairo,

Islamic Calligraphy

Islamic Calligraphy

A little taste of an Islamic Art The Glorious Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be on him) in the seventh century of the Christian Era (610 CE – 632 CE). The revelations came to the Prophet through the angel Gabriel. For the past fourteen centuries, Muslims from all over the world

Muslims in Latin America

Muslims in Latin America

  When the Americas were discovered by the Spaniards in the fifteenth century, they brought slaves from the north and west of Africa who introduced Islam in Latin America, staying in countries like Brazil, Venezuela, Colombia and some Caribbean islands. In many cases, these Muslim slaves were forced to leave their religious beliefs or be

Baghdad: Libraries and House of Wisdom

Baghdad: Libraries and House of Wisdom

  Libraries Muslims learned how to make paper from the Chinese, and proceeded to transform this art into a major industry. By 793 C.E., there were many paper mills in Baghdad. This was a revolutionary development because the existing alternatives to paper were papyrus, which was fragile, and parchment, which was expensive; paper, on the

Europe: Scholarship and Inventions

Europe: Scholarship and Inventions

  In the West, many Muslim scholars were given Latin names such as Avicenna (Ibn Sina, c. 980 – 1037), Rhazes (ar-Razi, c. 841-926), and Averroes (ibn Rushd, c. 1126-1198); their works, as translated in Latin, became widely available. For instance, Ibn Sina’s Canon of Medicine set the standard for medicine and was in use in

Kairouan, Tunisia

Kairouan, Tunisia

  The change of government in Tunisia recently took everyone by surprise. All eyes turned to the capital, Tunis, when Ben Ali relinquished his power and fled the country, causing a ripple effect in the region. Here, we would like to highlight another city in Tunisia – Kairouan – which has an illustrious history and

Baghdad: Universities and Hospitals

Baghdad: Universities and Hospitals

  Universities During the later part of the 11th century, Baghdad introduced the precursor to the modern university in the form of a chain of madrasahs which housed students and a salaried faculty. They were known as the Nizamiyah, after their founder Nizam al-Mulk, a Seljuk vizier. The largest and most splendid of these was