Verses of Quran on Jihad

Why are there verses in the Qur’an that encourage Muslims to kill non-believers wherever they find them?

The Importance of Context

The word ‘context’ has two dictionary meanings:

1. The parts of a written or spoken statement that precede or follow a specific word or passage, usually influencing its meaning or effect. 2. The set of circumstances or facts that surround a particular event, situation, etc.

Any discussion on Qur’anic verses that refer to violence would be meaningless, without a study of the surrounding context. Before we study the verses in question, therefore, let us examine this issue in a wider perspective:

The Sanctity of Life

The Glorious Qur’an says:

“…take not life, which God hath made sacred, except by way of justice and law: thus doth He command you, that ye may learn wisdom.” [Al-Qur’an 6:151]

Islam considers all life forms as sacred. However, the sanctity of human life is accorded a special place. The first and the foremost basic right of a human being is the right to live. The Glorious Qur’an says:

“…if any one slew a person – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people.” [Al-Qur’an 5:32]

The value of human life is so great, that the Qur’an equates the taking of even one human life unjustly with the killing of all humanity.

The Verses of War

The words that often cause consternation among those unfamiliar with Islam, are: “…and slay them wherever ye catch them…”

The truth is that this is only part of verse 191 of Chapter 2 of the Qur’an. Let us read the verses 190 to 191 in order to get a complete picture:

“Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors. And slay them wherever ye catch them, and turn them out from where they have Turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque, unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you, slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith.” [Al-Qur’an 2:190-191]

It is a well-known fact of Islamic history, that fighting against aggressors was prohibited during the first thirteen years of the Prophet’s mission. After Muslims migrated to Medina, the verses above were revealed to enable the community to fight in self-defense. The verses that follow clearly indicate Islam’s prohibition on aggression and inclination towards peace:

“But if they cease, Allah is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful. And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression, and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease, let there be no hostility except to those who practise oppression.” [Al-Qur’an 2:192-193]

The verses above specifically refer to fighting against oppression and in defense of religious freedom as the Glorious Qur’an says:

“Let there be no compulsion in religion” [Al-Qur’an 2:256]

Fair-Dealing Towards All

When read in context, the above verses do not even remotely suggest an exhortation for Muslims to be vicious or hateful towards people of other faiths. Far from this, the Qur’an actually requires that Muslims conduct themselves with fairness and dignity in all matters, and especially in regard to interfaith relations, as indicated by the following verse:

“Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for (your) Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: for Allah loveth those who are just.” [Al-Qur’an 60:8]

104 Comments

  1. Steve Davies says:

    This all sounds good.

  2. Freedom of religion is an essential component of liberty. In real terms, it is almost non-existent in Muslim countries. Religion, however, is inherently divisive , & is used far too often to acquire power & prosperity. Religion can tend to exploit the most prevalent fear/concern of human beings since time began. That is , what happens to us; if anything, after we die. Muslims worst enemies are 'other' Muslim denominations, who continue killing each other daily, usually when they are in mosques, & the tyranny of absolute monarchs & brutal dictators.

  3. NO BODY ON EARTH CAN EXPAND THE KINGDOM OF GOD.WHY WASTE PRECIOUS LIVES THAT ARE CREATED IN THE IMAGE OF GOD?

  4. Everything on earth is already the kingdom of Allah .. what Allah wants is to enforce his law all over the world … Allah gave us this life so why not sacrifice our lives in his way and he promised us a much better return in hereafter, Jannah(paradise) !

  5. Muhammad Ammar Younus
    nice saying..!!!
    our life is for ALLAH and only ALLAH..!!!

  6. Muhammad Ammar Younus crazy nonsense

  7. Lifeguard Steve says:

    Muhammad Ammar Younus You are a fool to believe in Satan order. why would God that has power ever instruct human to fight for his curse ?… Hho is responsible for Tsunami, Earthquake, Heat wave, Thunder and Flooding if so ?…. If the allah was a true God that created mankind, why not him flood away the disbeliever's himself than for him to instruct Muslims to fight for him ?.. You are sick with quran syndrome. find a red cross doctor to immunize you.

  8. Lifeguard Steve says:

    Hammad Mallick For you, you sickness is hallucinating… There's no Allah, and if any exist, consider it a falsehood and an Antichrist who lead ignorant Muslims to hell…

  9. Khaqan Ahmed says:

    Danish Fayaz

  10. Joseph Weber says:

    Apparently, well in the way I see it, pretty much all Muslims, of whom Obama is one, are currently, and have been for some time, disembowling the very essence of their belief system. Respect others of different faiths. Just as Christians have turned their backs on Christ, Muslims have turned their backs on Allah! Both sides are betrayers.

  11. I suggest you read “Let there be no compulsion in religion” in context too. It's obvious that it doesn't mean what you seem to imply it means if you read the context.

  12. Kokopella Karebear says:

    "man" gave you all these laws (religious or otherwise)……….."man" interprets these laws to you and " man" perverts these same laws for their own gains

  13. Kokopella Karebear says:

    And when everyone starts thinking the same way as you "EARTH community " and not what differences are in Countries, states, territories ,tribes, sects ,and on and on and on,, we might get somewhere for the sake of the planet given us.

  14. Muhammad Ammar Younus yes you are rite he is our creater even he can do injustice with us n no one can ask him why you did that……………..

  15. Omair Hameed says:

    Muhammad Ammar Younus My dear brother,
    "Kun-fa-ya-koon"
    if God wills he just has to say it to happen and it will. There is no need of us to enforce anything on anyone.
    And please read the verses and understand it, before posting misguiding comments. He is All powerful, All Merciful.

    I suggest you read the verses of Quran from authentic translator or institute.

  16. You preach peace, but it is far from you

  17. Blckbull UN says:

    this is what you think but the reality is different

  18. Blckbull UN says:

    Steen Kærsgaard it seems u r nonsence

  19. Abu Sulayman says:

    Where is your authority regarding this interpretation of the verse?

  20. Abu Sulayman exactly my dear. so only person with your religious authority can interpret and do whatever atrocity he can on the non believer. a holy book must have universally acceptable meaning and not a subject of interpretation by any two legged mortal

  21. Muhammad Ammar Younus so you come back to square. ie entire world is allah's kingdom and it is the duty of believers to make sure to eliminate non believers. in intuth t is your duty to eliminate me. that is what a musli must nurture , no matter hw he pretends.

  22. this is what you think but the reality is different

  23. President Obama is not Muslim…

  24. Nate Jeisman says:

    Soundara Rajan please tell me of the interpretation of the bible then? how is it – if it is universally interpreted that there are so many sects of the same religion?

  25. Anyone else hate how websites take everything out of context and someone who wants to learn about idlam goes there and dowsnt bother to read context

  26. Rachael Livengood says:

    No, Simon is right. I'm tired of watching Islamic murderers kill innocent children. Pigs and cowards all of them. And what gets me the most, the rest of you cowards are silent, and don't stand up to denounce it. Silence is consent.

  27. Rachael Livengood says:

    Muhammad Ammar Younus You don't get to force your beliefs on others. End of story.

  28. La Keesha Vega says:

    Rachael Livengood what about the Christian murderers? Are you sick of them too? Do you stand up and denounce our government when they commit vile acts of wanton destruction base upon lies? Do you stand up and denounce our crippled justice system and or antiquated mental health system which is not helping the sick and ill who commit heinous mass murders RIGHT here? Most of whom are Christian and many of them with victims who are children? if you're going to denounce it denounce it ALL and don't lump all who follow a faith into that massive pile it's hypocritical and racist. Not all followers of Islam are murderers just like not all white people are racists not all black people are criminals not all Christians are good people not all school shooters are white teenage boys and not all Americans are responsible for the decimation of indigenous religions and cultures.

  29. Ammar Canani says:

    Rachael Livengood Ayatollah sistani has made jihad against ISIS … people do stand up.

  30. Abu Mulumba says:

    La Keesha Vega We should all denounce these murderers. However, I don't think Islam is as peaceful as these guys like to portray it. Muhammad is quoted in classical Islamic books to have "said I have been commanded to fight the people up until they bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah [God] alone. Whoever declares that, then their blood and their wealth are safeguarded from me, except that which [Allah] has a right upon, and their account is with Allah." How is that peace? As a former Muslim under Islamic law I deserve a death penalty is that what peace looks like? I hate when Muslims say one thing in public and say another in private.

  31. La Keesha Vega says:

    Abu Mulumba Islam is no more or less peaceful in its writings or history than Christians or the Bible. You are paraphrasing that quotation and only taking in part of it and you are not portraying it in the context in which it was written. You also have to note the time and the timing of that. Like so many Christians use the Bible to justify bigotry and hate as well as murder and destruction so do these backwards Muslims. But…at the end of the day Allah calls for love grace and understanding and that his judgement his hand will be the decider and not mine or yours as does Christ. So once again, condemn all you like but Condemn them all. Because there are a TON of good "Christians" sinning and jumping up on the pulpit every day. There are "good Christians" from time immemorial who have used the name of God to slaughter and destroy. The point is…the faith and the faithful and God and Allah have nothing at all to do with these atrocities no matter who's name they call out…these are all evils done by men …PERIOD.

  32. Abu Mulumba says:

    La Keesha Vega I did not quote this out of context, you sound like someone who has no clue about the topic but just randomly commenting and hoping to be right. The fatwa from the Saudi Arabian Government website vindicates me http://www.alifta.net/Search/ResultDetails.aspx?languagename=en&lang=en&view=result&fatwaNum=&FatwaNumID=&ID=3512&searchScope=14&SearchScopeLevels1=&SearchScopeLevels2=&highLight=1&SearchType=exact&SearchMoesar=false&bookID=&LeftVal=0&RightVal=0&simple=&SearchCriteria=allwords&PagePath=&siteSection=1&searchkeyword=073032104097118101032098101101110032099111109109097110100101100032116111032102105103104116#firstKeyWordFound the grant Mufti of Saudi Arabia said "these noble Ayahs (Qur'anic verses) and authentic Hadiths indicate clearly that it is obligatory to perform Jihad against disbelievers and atheists, fight them, invite to Islam and fight them because they insist on disbelief and do so till they worship none but Allah and believe in His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) and follow his commands knowing that unless they do so their blood and money will not be inviolable" As you know Saudi Arabia is like the Rome of the Catholic Church to many Muslims.

  33. La Keesha Vega says:

    Abu Mulumba for don't speak on things you don't know and what you know absolutely nothing about is me and what I know. Additionally don't quote the words of some MAN to me as the fatwa is and tell me that is Islam. It is just what I said which is some on one using the words and to interpreting them to meet the needs in the I own mind and heart. I can find a similar verse pr worse in the bible and my entire point is that you cannot condemn an entire people and entire faith based upon selective interpretation and selective passages from the Bible or the Koran as it is ultimately the minds and hearts of men that create an dots of evil. My original statement stands which is not to blame Islam or all of the followers for what terrorists are doing because that is what the original poster said….kill them all. Well all would mean my grandfather minding his business in Morocco and the wonderful Imam who teaches art at the museum where my dau her takes free classes and who also teaches me the Quran as does his son a Christian man who teaches Islamic studies but not me because I'm Catholic. Have a nice day.

  34. Abu Mulumba says:

    La Keesha Vega I come from a Muslim family, my brothers my sisters are Muslims. Do I think they are terrorists? No! Do I think Islam encourages terrorism? Yes! Again from what you wrote you really demonstrate a misunderstanding of Islam as a religion! A fatwa is not an opinion, its a binding legal ruling on of that area. If you study Islam deeply as I have done, you understand that there is killing intolerance is part and parcel of the religion. I chose to become a Christian, however, this choice means is against the doctrinal teachings of Islam, and for my "sins" I deserve a death penalty under Islamic law. Islam means peace to those who are right with God and that means Muslims! I have been privileged to study Islam at the highest level, I love Muslims but I would go as far as saying Islam a peaceful religion. For that matter, yes many Christians have committed atrocities even in the name of God, like their unconditional support for Israel against the Palestinian people! The Crusades, South African apartheid, Rwandan genocide etc. However, when you look at the Bible and historical theology tolerance as part of the heart of Christianity! I am sorry to say this is not the same for Islam, you will continue to be surprised why man seemingly good Muslims decide to go and commit these atrocities against innocent people!

  35. La Keesha Vega says:

    You think tolerance is part and parcel of Christianity? Then you ate only sifting part of Christianity and you need to study Christianity as hard as you've studied Islam as I have studied Christianity all of my life. I refuse to blame Islam or Christianity for the evils of man. Have a nice day.

  36. Abu Mulumba says:

    La Keesha Vega I am fortunate to have degrees in both religions. Theologically Christianity takes a different approach to militancy, especially in respect to those who disagree with the faith!

  37. Youstay Igo says:

    Abu Mulumba Try and read the history of the crusades. You might get some enlightenment as to who started the crusades in the very first place!

    Try and read the history of world war 1 and world war 2 in which tens of millions of people died. Apparently they weren't started by Muslims. Someone I have a feeling that Hitler and other leading World War 2 leaders were Christians.

    A fatwa by some Saudi mullah, you present? Wake up, dude. Who says every Muslim considers his words as the official authority is Islam anyway? It might come a surprise for you, but Saudi molvi fatwas are only valid within Saudi Arabia and nowhere else, except maybe some rabid Taliban or their sort.

    Try and read the history how Christian nations destroyed the aboriginals of Australia. How they butchered the Red Indians and took over their lands. How they invaded Iraq for its oil. How they fought a proxy war against Soviet Union in Afghanistan.

    And then you say that somehow its Islam which preaches terrorism and atrocities? You need to read how Muslim rulers behaved back when Islamic rule was valid for half of the world. How many disbelievers did the Mughal kings kill in India during their reign? How many did the Umayyads and Abbasids killed during their reigns? And then you say you have "degrees" in both these religoins. *facepalm*

  38. La Keesha Vega says:

    Abu Mulumba every time someone disagrees with you or successfully counters your argument as with equally valid opinions and facts you present yet another "credential" which is supposed to make us feel you are somehow more versed or your thoughts more correct and it only serves to make you sound like a frqud. You are entitled to your opinion and your beliefs but please stop trying to make them sound like scholarly fact as you are falling woefully short of your apparent goal.

  39. Abu Mulumba says:

    Youstay Igo yes, the crusades indeed used God as platform for their killings of innocent lives. The crusaders had more personal interest than religious interest, but its fair to they did what they did in the name of Christianity. However, the crusades activities do reflect Biblical teachings, if actually you have read the New Testament (which forms the fundamental beliefs of Christianity) you would find that violence is certainly not a teaching of Christianity. Hitler did not kill people in the name of religion, although there has been some groups linked to Christianity like the Lord Resistance Army in Uganda which have used the name of the Christian God to destroy innocent lives. However, its very easy to read Christian scriptures and find that violence of this nature is contrary to the teachings of the Bible. Yet, when we read the Qur'an consider Islamic teachings from the Hadith to Siras of the prophet, and the Qur'an we see that violence in particular for Islamic conquest is fundamental to Islam. You are quite right, a fatwa in Saudi Arabia does bind the whole Muslim world, in fact even in Saudi Arabia it may not bind some Muslims who are of different Madhab (school of Islamic thought). However, its at least persuasive to the Muslims in general.
    The Christian nations that committed the atrocities you mention do not represent the Christian teachings, and many of these did not these kinds of things in the name of Christianity, just like the Christians who supported and advocated for Apartheid in South Africa were not reflective of the Christian teachings.

    You ask a very good question about the period under which Islam ruled, if you are a Muslim or someone interested is in studying Islam then you should know that when the first Caliph of Islam Abu Bakr was elected, he fought and killed many Muslims who refused to recognise him as the caliph. This in Islamic studies is known as the Ridda wars. anyone who left Islam to revert back to their previous religions before Islam was killed.
    Islamic sources report that prior to his death, Prophet Muhammad had sent Khalid Bin Walid in 631 AD to the Christian tribes of Najran with a command: “invite them to Islam for three days before you fight them. If they should respond [with the acceptance of Islam], then accept it from them, and stay with them and teach them the Book of God, the sunnah of His prophet, and the requirements of Islam [ma'alim al-islam), if they should decline then you are to fight them”. It is said that Khalid approached Najran with his military forces and declared: “O people, accept Islam, and you will be safe”. (see Tabari, Volume 9, The last Years of the Prophet p82-84)

    According to Sahih Muslim, (Kataab Al-Imaarah p1533) Abu Bakr the first Muslim caliph said “I will send out armies to those who associate partners with Allah, be they in the East or in the West and not to stop until they say, ‘Allah, He is one, and He has no partner’ or until they pay the Jizya tax”.

    After Abu Bakr’s death in 634, Umar bin Khattab continued the Islamic military expansion through Khalid bin Walid (known as the “Sword of Islam”) conquering Jerusalem, Egypt, Libya, Turkey, Iran and many other countries in Eastern Europe. Umar’s strategy remained similar to that of Abu Bakr throughout his leadership.
    The umayyad Abissid caliphate was much tolerant than the early caliphate, and in fact the more tolerant the caliphate became through surrendering their judicial powers to the Sultans the more they lost control which then gave rise to fall of the last Islamic caliphate in 1924.

    I would like to expand on the issue of Jihad in Islam, but I think lets leave it for another day.

    Kindly, feel free to attack me academically but not personally.

  40. Abu Mulumba says:

    La Keesha Vega I am not here to prove academic abilities, all I ask is if you think that I have made an error in my assessment of Islam, then please correct me with an objective Islamic teaching that show that i'm wrong.

  41. Abu Mulumba says:

    As for Jihad, the word Jihad, I should perhaps highlight this from my part of my paper on Islamic studies which I wrote not long time ago.

    comes from the Arabic root j-h-d, which means, “strive” or “effort”. It appears 164 times in the Qur’an and 199 times in Islamic traditions “hadith”. It is often found in classical Islamic texts with the closely related meaning of “struggle” and “fight”. The Qur’an often uses it in terms of “striving in the path of God” (e.g. Qur’an 9:24, 60:1). It has also been interpreted to mean “moral striving” or “armed struggle”. There are many aspects of Jihad in Islam which are not related to military war, in fact the greatest jihad in Islam is jihad against one’s self from the distractions of the world.

    Islamic law permits military jihad against four kinds of enemies: Infidels, apostates, oppressors, and rebels. Muslim jurists distinguish jihad in two kinds, offensive, and defensive. Offensive jihad is an obligation on the Muslim community as a whole. Defensive jihad obliges every able-bodied Muslim to take part (Qur’an 22:39-40).

    It is usually not difficult to distinguish the intended meaning from the context of the particular Qur’anic verse. The earliest verses of the Qur’an which where revealed when Muslims were dominated by the pagan oligarchs of Mecca, tend to speak of Jihad in terms of moral striving; whereas latter verses revealed in Medina when the prophet headed the state and commanded the Islamic army often speak of Jihad in the sense of military struggle.

    In order to understand why jihad is an important aspect of Islam one has to understand the concept of “Sunnah” in Islam. According to Islamic law, the truest form of Islam is one that emulates prophet Muhammad in all his actions, words and deeds, unless the Qur’an forbids the action or deed. This is known as “sunnah”, it is regarded as the second highest source of Islamic jurisprudence under Islamic law, second only to the Qur’an. In fact the largest sect of Islam “Sunni” derives its name from this philosophy.

    The Qur’an commands believers to imitate the prophet as the best example (Qur’an 33:22 “if you should love Allah, then follow me, [so] Allah will love you and forgive you your sins”(Qur’an 59:7). All Muslim scholars agree that the earliest Caliphs were true emulators of the prophet. It is therefore highly commendable of a Muslim to follow the path as laid down by the prophet and his companions. The prophet said, “whoever obeys my commander, obeys me, and whoever disobeys my commander, disobeys me.” “Keep to my Sunnah [practices] and to the Sunnah of the rightly-guided Caliphs – cling to them stubbornly.” Failure to adhere to the prophet’s teachings or imitating the prophet’s example may result in one’s alienation from the faith.

    Fighting Islamic Jihad is a way of imitating the prophet and his companions. The Qur’an says, “true believers are those who believe in God and His messenger, then attain the status of having no doubt whatsoever, and strive (jahadu) with their money and their lives in the cause of God” (Qur’an 49:15. The prophet participated in many wars; he ordered his Muslim armies to attack various groups for the sake of Islam and in defence of the Muslim community.

    All four Islamic Schools of Jurisprudence (Madhahib al-Fiqh) and most Muslim jurists agree that the purpose of jihad is to remove the infidel’s oppression and injustice; eliminating the barriers to the spread of God’s truth; and establishing Islamic justice. They however, disagree on how this can be achieved. Many, particularly when addressing the non-Muslim world tend to focus on defensive Jihad. They maintain that only defensive jihad is permissible under Islamic law in this modern age. Some say, the prophet fought offensive wars because there were no international agreements in those days; and that because of modern day international treaties; offensive jihad is invalid and unnecessary.

    The advocates for defensive jihad also argue that the offensive jihad is only incumbent upon the “umma” (Muslim community) where the umma is strong enough, and the community is resourced to fight such a war, they conclude that currently there is no strong Muslim army and therefore offensive jihad is not necessary or practical . They condemn groups which have declared jihad on non-Muslims relying on many verses of the Qur’an and in particular the Qur’anic saying, “who ever kills a human being for other than manslaughter or corruption in the earth, it shall be as if he had killed all mankind, and who ever saves the life of one, it shall be as if he had saved the life of all mankind” (Quran 5:32).

  42. Abu Mulumba says:

    Islam did not start as a violent religion; Muhammad was instructed to proclaim God’s oneness peacefully to his family and close friends starting with a small number of those who were considered as social outcasts and slaves who became the first community of Muslims. Within a few years, the Muslim community grew and started being seen as a threat to the elite tribe of Mecca. The prophet and his community were persecuted and later immigrated to Medina where tribal leaders who had accepted Islam welcomed them. The earliest verses of the Qur’an in support of defensive Jihad reflect these circumstances. Many had lost their worldly possessions and found it difficult to adjust to new life in Medina.

    The teaching in relation to jihad only being defensive is relatively new in Islamic philosophy. The overwhelming majority of early Muslim scholars including Imam Shafii,’ founder of the biggest school of Islamic thought, the great Islamic philosopher Al-Ghazali, and Ibn Taymiyya as well as many others believed that jihad was both offensive and defensive. They also believed that offensive jihad in order to expand Islamic dominance was obligatory upon all Muslims . Most of their emphasis when discussing texts in relation to warfare was put on offensive jihad than any other kind of jihad .

    The Qur’an says “fight against those who believe not in Allâh, nor in the Last Day, nor forbid that which has been forbidden by Allâh and His Messenger [Muhammad] and those who acknowledge not the religion of truth (i.e. Islâm) among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued” (Quran 9:29).

    In his Fatwa on this Qur’anic verse; the late Mufti of Saudi Arabia Sheikh Abdul Aziz Ibn Baz said “these noble Ayahs (Qur'anic verses) and authentic Hadiths indicate clearly that it is obligatory to perform Jihad against disbelievers and atheists, fight them, invite to Islam and fight them because they insist on disbelief and do so till they worship none but Allah and believe in His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him) and follow his commands knowing that unless they do so their blood and money will not be inviolable….every one who has the least amount of knowledge should know that modern writers or others who say that Jihad is only permissible for the purpose of defence [are] mistaken .”

    One of the most authoritative Qur’anic commentators (Mufasr) in Sunni Islam, Ibn Kathr, commented, “Allah said, (until they pay the Jizyah), if they do not choose to embrace Islam, (with willing submission), in defeat and subservience, (and feel themselves subdued.), disgraced, humiliated and belittled. Therefore, Muslims are not allowed to honour the people of Dhimmah (non-Muslims who reject Islam) or elevate them above Muslims, for they are miserable, disgraced and humiliated. Muslim [Muslim ibn Hajjaj the compiler of Hadith Muslim] recorded from Abu Hurayrah that the Prophet said, "Do not initiate the Salam to the Jews and Christians, and if you meet any of them in a road, force them to its narrowest alley." This is why the Leader of the faithful `Umar bin Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, demanded his well-known conditions be met by the Christians, these conditions that ensured their continued humiliation, degradation and disgrace.”

    Jihad has a much bigger purpose than simply an attempt to achieve political gain or dominance, its purpose is similar to Islamic Da’wah (invitation to Islam).

    The purpose of jihad is to bring the non-believers to the acceptance of God’s guidelines as implemented by Prophet Muhammad. It is believed that fighting in the name of God in order to bring about Islamic dominance is more virtuous than performing prayers or Islamic pilgrimage. As the great Muslim scholar, Ibn Taymiyya explained, “whomsoever the da’wah [invitation] of the Messenger has reached them- and that [da’wah] is to the Deen [religion] of Allah, with which he was sent and they do not respond to [and accept] it, it then becomes an obligation [upon Muslims] to fight them” The prophet is reported to have said; “I have been commanded to fight the people up until they bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allah [God] alone. Whoever declares that, then their blood and their wealth are safeguarded from me, except that which [Allah] has a right upon, and their account is with Allah.”

    Under Islamic philosophy (Fiqh) the world is divided into two houses, Dar al-Islam, which is the world under which God’s laws as proclaimed by Muhammad are strictly adhered to, and Dar al-Harb, the world which is ruled by “infidels” and where God’s laws are not followed and Islam is not the dominant religion. There is a presumption that the duty of jihad against the inhabitants of Dar al-Harb remains in force, and is only interrupted by truces, until the entire world converts to Islam or submits to Muslim rule.

  43. Abu Mulumba says:

    When Umar Bin Khattab sent Utbah bin Ghazwan, commander of his Muslim forces to Basra he ordered him, “summon the people to God; those who respond to your call, accept it from them, but those who refuse must pay the poll tax out of humiliation and lowliness. If they refuse this, it is the sword without leniency. Fear God with regard to what you have been entrusted.” Khalid Bin Walid when he approached the leader of the people of Iraq he declared, “I call you to God and to Islam. If you respond to the call, then you are Muslims: You obtain the benefits they enjoy and take up the responsibilities they bear. If you refuse, then you must pay the jizyah. If you refuse the jizyah, I will bring against you tribes of people who are more eager for death than you are for life. We will then fight you until God decides between us and you.”

    The great Muslim scholar, Al-Razi, says, “the intention of taking the jizya is not to approve the disbelief of non-Muslims in Islam, but rather to spare their lives and to give them some time; in hope that during it, they might stop to reflect on the virtues of Islam and its compelling arguments, and consequently converting from disbelief to belief. That's why it's important to pay the jizya with humiliation and servility, because naturally, any sensible person cannot stand humiliation and servility. So if the disbeliever is given some time watching the pride of Islam and hearing evidences of its authenticity, and see the humiliation of the disbelief, then apparently this might carry him to convert to Islam, and that's the main rationale behind the enactment of the jizya.”

    According to Ibn Khaldun, (the great 15th century Islamic scholar, and founding father of the modern economics theory), “ in the Muslim community, the holy war is a religious duty, because of the universalism of the Muslim mission and the obligation to convert everybody to Islam either by persuasion or by force… The other religious groups did not have a universal mission, and the holy war was not a religious duty for them, save only for purposes of defence… Islam is under obligation to gain power over other nations.”

    Islamic law makes offensive jihad obligatory on the Muslim community as a whole. Once a leader with the highest authority in a Muslim State (Imam Daulat al-Islam or Caliph) declares war against the unbelievers it becomes obligatory on the Muslims to fight . As put by Sheikh Munajid “Muslims in Saudi Arabia, Africa, North Africa and elsewhere are obliged to do their utmost, and if there is a jihad in one country, the surrounding countries should hasten to help them, the closest then the next closest.” The Qur’an says, “not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame, etc.), and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred in grades those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit (at home). Unto each, Allah has promised good (Paradise), but Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward”(Qur’an 4:95).

    As put by a Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, “it is [well] known that [offensive jihad] is the one that the orientalist and other enemies of Islam have taken away from Islam in order to destroy it. This has caused some of the ignorant or apologists of Islam to restrict the aim of jihad in Islam to being purely defensive, for defence against the enemy does not offend anyone.” The position of offensive jihad appears to be well maintained within the schools of Islamic thought. It is more prominent within the “salafi” sect of Islam, which is most influential sect of Islam and (comprising 50% of Sunni Islam in the Middle East). Those who claim that offensive jihad alien to Islam are not looked at very favourably by the salafi.

  44. David Welsh says:

    Abraham would not very happy with the hatred towards His Sons of Isacc! And he was a freind of Yahwey!

  45. David Welsh says:

    Yeshua said that Satan was a murderer from the begining! So a book that promotes the murder of children is from him! Not only this but Yeshua (Jesus) said "it would be better for a person who hurt a child if a mill stone was tied around his neck and thrown into the deep than for what will happen to him in the day of judgement! The Jewish Messiah who will sit on the thrown of King David and rule the world will be judging you! Beware! The book of Revelation tells us clearly that the green spirit is evil and death and hell follow it! This was written by the Apostile John way before who started dressing in green!

  46. Laiba Maqsood says:

    if smone kills an innocent n says he is a muslim but islam doesnt approve then y is islam to b blamed ? if i kill smone n say i m a hindu ,jew …. will all start talking the same about all hindus or all jews or disrespect their religions in the same way ????????? !!!

  47. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood that is not what i'm saying, there are many Muslims who don't believe in this kind of jihad. I gave a detailed account on the rules of jihad in Islam, giving evidence from the most reliable Muslim scholars in Sunni Islam. In fact about 150 Muslim scholars condemned ISIS and even launched a website http://www.lettertobaghdadi.com/ however, the fatwa which they wrote not its entirety reflect faithfully the teachings of Islam as far as war or jihad is concerned. If you read the submissions I made above you would understand why. Being a former Muslim and now a convert to Christianity I deserve a death penalty, in fact all Muslim scholars agree that a person like me should face a death penalty. To deny that military jihad is unislamic would lying, Muslims have to accept that this is a problem facing the community. Most of my God loving Muslim friends are definitely peace loving people, but its these teachings in Islam that are causing the problem.

  48. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba i replied to simon actually but will read ur cmnts too ,brother

  49. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba if u blv in ONE GOD n if u r sure that HE IS THE ONE ,THE LORD ,THE CREATOR OF ALL then u should follow wotever HE says without asking so many qs WHY THIS N Y THAT……there is a hadith :A HUMAN ASKS SO MANY QUESTIONS ,Y ,HOW ,WHEN N WOT N THEN REACHES A STATE IN WHICH HE ASKS WHO CREATED GOD? ………. so its better to avoid so many confusions n search so many sites………IF U HAVE FAITH IN ALLAH THEN BLV WOTEVER HE SAYS IS RIGHT N QURAN IN THE ONLY LOGICAL BOOK ,IF U DONT BLV IN HIM THEN THERE IS NO DISCUSSION MORE COZ ITS OBVIOUS NON-MUSLIMS HAVE SO MANY PROBS WITH ISLAM N THEY CANT UNDERSTAND IT WELL LIKE A BELIEVER :)

  50. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba defensive jihad is valid …PROPHET P.B.U.H fought offensive wars as that was the custom of his time ………..at that time people used to invade other lands n establish their governments there but nowadays the conditions r not same that is y offensive jihad is invalid as it will spread chaos n destruction but islam wants peace ….

  51. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba even if u take the meaning of all this that islam forces non-muslims to convert to islam still its for their betterment n i hope u would understand it if u blv in ALLAH ,as if they will remain dis-believers it will hurt them much more in world hereafter ,its better for them to embrace islam n btw islam doesn't force anyone to become muslim ..

  52. Abu Mulumba says:

    I do think it right and proper to insult Islam David Welsh, saying that Islam is from the Satan is a statement demonstrates a lack of understanding.

  53. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba wot ISIS is doing is not jihad ,there r clear rulings about it in islam ,if a group of people start fighting with others on the name of islam it wont b jihad ……….its only done after taking opinions from scholars n after a muslim state's leader gives its orders for it ………

  54. Abu Mulumba says:

    I don't think it right and proper to insult Islam David Welsh, saying that Islam is from the Satan is a statement demonstrates a lack of understanding.

  55. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba and about death penalty ,its bcoz islam calls such people as ''MUNAFIQEEN " or cheaters who never had faith but did this just to get benefit in muslim state or to show others ,A PERSON WHO HAS FIRM FAITH IN ALLAH WILL NEVER CONVERT TO ANY OTHER RELIGION N WILL FEAR HIM ………………

  56. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood my love for Allah contributed to me leaving Islam, there were many questions which I don't really want to go into here that made realise that Jesus was the ultimate source of life! Islam encourages asking questions actually, but one is not allowed to ask questions for the sake of asking, but asking in order to understand is an important aspect of Islam.

  57. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood defensive jihad is part of Islam, but not as the only jihad! This is why I disagree with some of these scholars. I understand that you can't just accept my submissions since extremely doubt that the Qur'an is the word of Allah however, you can take them as opinions and do your own research on this issue.

  58. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba GOD HAS ORDERED TO KILL THEM COZ AT THE TIME OF PROPHET ,PEOPLE USED TO COME TO THE PROPHET P.B.U.H N SAY THAT THEY CONVERTED TO ISLAM BUT ACTUALLY BY HEART THEY DIDNT N THEY USED TO HARM THE MUSLIMS FROM INSIDE N THEY PROMISED THE HOLY PROPHET THAT THEY WILL STAND WITH HIM IN WARS N WILL NEVER RUN BUT WHENEVER THE WAR WAS STARTED THEY RAN N TALKED ABOUT THE PROPHET ,THEY USED TO CHEAT , THEY NEVER HAD FAITH IN GOD N THEY BROKE THE PROMISES WHICH THEY MADE TO ALLAH THATS Y ALLAH SAYS TO KILL SUCH PPL

  59. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba QURAN IS THE WORD OF ALLAH N THERE R MANY PROOFS IN QURAN ABOUT IT ,READ IT WELL N U WILL GET SURE ABOUT IT :D

  60. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood well, here lies the problem, for example, I sincerely believe that every Muslim in order to go to heaven must become a disciple of Jesus, but I do not think its my right to convert them!

  61. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba yes it isnt .islam converts none forcefully but islam says to kill those who break their promises n after saying that they believe in ALLAH n HIS prophet P.B.U.H ,they convert to some other religion

  62. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba bro u have ur own opinion ,ur own understandig but i would suggest u to read n understand quran well nu will know that its the BOOK OF ALLAH

  63. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba anways the purpose of all this was to fulfill my responsibilty n try to defend islamic rulings so i did ……………….

  64. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood I was born in a Muslim family, Islam was chosen for me by my family. Why should I face a death penalty when I chose to convert to another religion? I don't have a problem with you believing that the Qur'an is the word of Allah, as long you don't see me as lesser human being because I disagree with your belief and have chosen to convert to Christianity. Its amazing that you would know the status of one's heart in the fear and love of Allah! I do believe I loved Allah so much and this is why I left Islam.

  65. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood If I ever read the Qur'an and discover that its the word of Allah, I would have no hesitation but to return to Islam! Currently, I have extreme doubt about the book! Real big doubts!

  66. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba i blv quran is the word of ALLAH AS IT CONTAINS THE PROOFS ,1400 YEARS AGO IT TOLD ALL ABOUT UNIVERSE N ITS ONLY ALLAH THAT CAN TELL ABOUT IT WHEN THERE Was NO TECHNOLOGY ……………secondly at many palces its makes it clear that its the book of GOD ………

  67. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba will search about that but in my knowledge death penalty was for thsoe who first convert to islam n then to sm other religion ….

  68. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood you say, "GOD HAS ORDERED TO KILL THEM COZ AT THE TIME OF PROPHET ,PEOPLE USED TO COME TO THE PROPHET P.B.U.H N SAY THAT THEY CONVERTED TO ISLAM BUT ACTUALLY BY HEART THEY DIDNT N THEY USED TO HARM THE MUSLIMS FROM INSIDE N THEY PROMISED THE HOLY PROPHET THAT THEY WILL STAND WITH HIM IN WARS N WILL NEVER RUN BUT WHENEVER THE WAR WAS STARTED THEY RAN N TALKED ABOUT THE PROPHET ,THEY USED TO CHEAT , THEY NEVER HAD FAITH IN GOD N THEY BROKE THE PROMISES WHICH THEY MADE TO ALLAH THATS Y ALLAH SAYS TO KILL SUCH PPL" I respectfully disagree, Abu Bakr killed many Muslims after his election because they rejected his leadership, yes, there were some groups refered to as manfiqueen and indeed they did not really believe in Islam, but the Christians of Najran were not one of them, they simply wanted to remain Christians. But they were given a choice they could not bear, and many of them were killed by Khalid Bin Walid.

  69. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba u talked about conversion i was telling regarding that not about the killing of those who refused to accept islam

  70. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood You say, "yes it isnt .islam converts none forcefully but islam says to kill those who break their promises n after saying that they believe in ALLAH n HIS prophet P.B.U.H ,they convert to some other religion
    "
    By Allah, this is one of the reasons I don't believe Islam is a religion of truth.

  71. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood you say " blv quran is the word of ALLAH AS IT CONTAINS THE PROOFS ,1400 YEARS AGO IT TOLD ALL ABOUT UNIVERSE N ITS ONLY ALLAH THAT CAN TELL ABOUT IT WHEN THERE Was NO TECHNOLOGY ……………secondly at many palces its makes it clear that its the book of GOD ….." Partly most scientist don't believe these claims to be true, secondly, you should understand that the Middle East has been the centre of science even pre-Islam, the Bible talks of astronomers who would read the stars. These developments were not because of Islam. As I said my heart is purely clear, if I ever find that Islam represents the truth the truth and that Christianity is not really want I think it is as far as bringing true justification before Allah is concerned I will have no hesitation but to go back to Islam. The question of faith is life and death question, that's freedom to convert to any religion is a I believe the most fundamental freedom!

  72. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood refusing to accept Islam, is fundamental to one's free will!

  73. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba bro will talk ltr abt it ,,i have some wrok

  74. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba being a human many doubts come in my mind too ,smtimes ,,even i had but i was born in a muslim family n i live in a muslim country ,i have firm belief in ALLAH n i think human cant clear all their doubts ,,,as u will know more,more doubts will come in ur mind ……………my belief is stronger than all these doubts so i accept wot islam says ,,n abt quran ,its clear that teachings of all books have been changed but quran is still in its original state n even not a single word has changed ,this is bcoz ALLAH has promised for its protection n HE fulfills his promises ,quran also tells about previous books

  75. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba there r dfrnt incidents in past …………unless we dont have cmplt info regarding them we cant say anything ,its a very delicate matter.once a delegation came to holy prophet P.B.U.H n he made them sit in mosque n served them food then invited them to ALLAH ,they refused but prophet P.B.U.H didnt force them ,he respectfully let them go .

  76. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba when strong muslim governments were established there became peace everywhere even after crusades salahuddin forgave all ,gave them protection ,even he gave the fidiya of prisoners from his own money,,this is wot islam teaches

  77. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba about abu bakar R.A its a long topic but he declared jihad angst those who refused to give zakat as if some1 calls himself muslim n is living under islamic rule then he must obey islam as the state is providing him protection n employment ,moreover it was necessary bcoz when ppl leave giving zakat n following islamic teachings then the whole ecnomic n social system collapses …..we can c our condition today ,we ask so many qs n hv much to clear,we dont obey wot islam says thats y we r now in such a condition that all other nations r ruling on us

  78. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba Abu Bakr, the first caliph of Islam, gave these armies rules which would seem very constricting by today’s standards of warfare:

    “Stop, O people, that I may give you ten rules for your guidance in the battlefield. Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path. You must not mutilate dead bodies. Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man. Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful. Slay not any of the enemy’s flock, save for your food. You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone.”¹
    …………………………………….Abu Bakr made it clear that Muslim armies do not operate by the same principles and restrict their fights to the armies and governments of the enemy, not the general populace.

  79. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba In the example of the conquest of Jerusalem, the caliph at the time, Umar ibn al-Khattab, wrote in the surrender treaty with the patriarchs of city:

    He [Umar] has given them an assurance of safety for themselves, for their property, their churches, their crosses, the sick and healthy of the city…Their churches will not be inhabited by Muslims and will not be destroyed…THEY WILL NOT B FORCEFULLY CONVERTED.²

  80. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba http://lostislamichistory.com/did-islam-spread-by-the-sword/…READ THE FULL ARTICLE BRO ,,,THIS IS WOT WE KNOW ABOUT ISLAM ………..ppl just pick verses from quran n say it spreads violence without knowing when n y it was said or wots the reason behind it ,,b4 conversion u must know details of everything ,,i suggest u to read well n them convert to sm other religion :)

  81. David Welsh says:

    Abu 164 verses on jihad! I understand abu more than 165,000 of my brother in Christ are murded every year! It also clearly tells muslims to kill all Jews! And that they are pigs! I understand that the man who wrote these things 600 years after The Jewish Messiah who was prophecied to come fullfilled more than 335 accurate accounts of his coming, completly contradicts at every point what Yeshua Jesus or Isa said about himself! And if you want references I'm happy to give them! I understand the story of Abraham and Isacc is an accurate account of,and a real life story to reveal himself through the birth life and death of his son.God the Father and the Jewish Messiah! The quran is very very wrong about Yeshua! As millions of muslim are have miricle after miricle all claiming it was Yeshua! So I understand a lot more than you asume! Yeshua I not just a prophet! Therefore the quran is wrong on many many points! So therefore one must ask the question! If it contraditcts Gods Prophets about the Messiah! Then its a false book and demonicly inspiered! Ezekiel 38,39! What what is going to happen to muslims in these scriptures! Sad but God will fulfill all he said! The book of Revelation also predicts things about the spirit that controls islam! And what will happen to you all! I'm not looking for a fight but rather to teach you truth! In the hope you see the contrdictions! And if you think that the lastest revelations from Mohamad superceed the previous holy books then you are also very mistaken! Yahwey does not change his mind about his covenant promises to mankind!

  82. Abu Mulumba says:

    David Welsh Was Peter's denial that he had been with Jesus inspired by the Satan or else? How about Abraham's denial that Sarah was his wife? How about Saint Paul who persecuted the Church? How about the Jews who denied Jesus and whom Paul says they have a zeal for God but that zeal is not based on the knowledge of God? The Qur'an makes many inaccurate statements but you have to read the context (sabab nuzur) in Islam to understand why.

  83. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood yes, I know about that statement of Abu Bakr which orders the Muslims not be hard on people. This same statement is repeated by the prophet. Of course we know that people were beheaded before in Islam, do you know what happened to Musailimah?

  84. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba yes but he made a false statement that he is prophet but islam says there is no prophet after muhammad P.B.U.H

  85. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood Abu Bakr faced many immediate challenges after his election; revolt to his leadership was to come not just from the prophet’s enemies but also from the Muslim Community. Many expressed discontent with regards to the legitimacy of Abu Bakr’s election. Their concern was that the meeting that resulted in his election was held without the gathering of all the prophet’s companions (sahabs); and questioned the authority of those who called the meeting. Many wondered why the election was held at time when the prophet’s family were mourning his death without the involvement of his family especially Ali b. Talib. Some felt Abu Bakr was not rightfully chosen as leader of the Muslims. The entire Muslim community had not been consulted to take part in a decision of this magnitude. Some of Muhammad’s immediate family and in particular the prophet’s cousin and son in law, Ali bin Talib felt isolated as a result; and for six months Ali refused to recognise Abu Bakr as the rightfully chosen leader. Anyone with a fair mind would think these concerns were legitimate, but Abu Bakr did not think so.

    The refusal to recognise Abu Bakr’s authority resulted in many Muslims deciding not to pay the Islamic tax “zakat” (2½% of disposal income) to Abu Bakr, since they did not feel he had the authority to collect the tax of the Muslim community. Others apostatised outright and returned to their pre-Islamic religions and traditions classified by Muslims as idolatry. These tribes claimed that they had submitted to Muhammad and that with Muhammad's death, they were free to revert back to their old religions.

    Abu Bakr did not take this response lightly, he insisted that submission to Islam was not just to Muhammad but to God, and by submitting to Muhammad the tribes had joined the Muslim religious community, of which he was the new leader. He directed his trusted fighter Khalid bin Walid to attack anyone who refused to accept his leadership. This was the start of the Ridda Wars, commonly known as “Wars of Apostasy”.

  86. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba well i guess the situation has many other sides also,,after prophet P.B.U.H it was clear that the most closest companion of prophet P.B.U.H would b the leader n he did nothing wrong ,he followed quran wot ALLAH SAId,,if u dont blv in quran then obviously u will say wot he did is wrong

  87. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba but we blv in ALLAH N QURAN n the prophet p.b.u.h n at that time all decisions were made according to shuara ,,,,abu bakar was selected on same method

  88. Abu Mulumba says:

    Muhammad had not been able to complete the “mission” of spreading Islam to all corners of the globe. He had however, sent out letters to all foreign lands inviting them to enter Islam and had also sent out his “armies as far as possible based on the then strength and power of the Muslim nation” (see Salabi). The prophet had sent out the last of those armies in 630 AD against the people of Tabuk (in northwest Saudi Arabia); they had been given three choices: (1) embrace Islam, (2) remain in their “disbelief” and pay Jizya (a poll tax) to Muslims or (3) refuse the two options and be fought by the Muslim army. That is certainly not sweet and tolerant Islam that is talked about in the media. By the way, there was no official rate for jizya, during the caliphate it was often decided arbitrarily, it was certainly higher than the zakat Muslims were paying.

  89. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba they were aske to pay jizya coz they were living under a msulim government n the goverment provided them food,shelter,employment,protection n much more ,,

  90. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba make ur point clear ,ur problem with islam in short

  91. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba The jizyah and zakâh are two taxation schemes for citizens in the Muslim state. It is only fair that both groups of citizens pay into the state treasury, since both have equal access to state welfare, government services, and public works. The Muslims pay zakâh upon their savings as an act of worship, to purify their wealth. Likewise, military service in the Muslim state is seen as a religious duty when the state summons the person to serve. Non-Muslims are therefore exempt from military service for this reason. Likewise, instead of having to pay the religious tax of zakâh, they have to pay a fixed tax that is purely a civil duty and not tied in with any religious conviction.

  92. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba Some people feel that the words “in a condition of submission” mean that the jizyah is some sort of punishment or humiliation for the non-Muslim citizens. This is a misreading of the verse and a common misunderstanding held by Muslims and non-Muslims alike.

    The words in Arabic are: “yu`tû al-jizyata `an yadin wa hum sâghirûn”.

    “yu`tû al-jizyata” = they pay the jizyah

    “`an yadin” = roughly translated: from hand to hand. The word “yad” in Arabic is often used to mean power or ability. Essentially, it means here that what they have to pay is something that is within their capacity to pay.

    “wa hum sâghirûn” = “in a condition of submission”

    The phrase “wa hum sâghirûn” is an adverbial clause. It is specifically a “hâl” – a part of speech that refers to the circumstances of the subject or object of the verb while the action of the verb is taking place.

    The particle “wa” here is called “wâw al-hâl”. In Arabic grammar, this is a particle that turns the full sentence that comes after it into an adverbial clause depicting the circumstance of the action.

    The word sâghir means “meek” or “subdued”. What this means is that the non-Muslim citizens of the state are subordinate to the state and not in an act of opposition or rebellion against it.

    This means that these non-Muslims are paying the tax that is due upon them in a framework of obedience to, and recognition of, the state wherein they are full citizens.

  93. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba Non-Muslim citizens receive the protection of the state, whereby they are allowed to live in peace and security, without being obliged to engage in any military service. The Muslims, by contrast, are required to engage in military service when they are called upon to do so.

    Historically, at times when the Muslim government could not afford protection from enemies to the non-Muslims living in the outlying regions of the Muslim state, this levy was returned to them.

  94. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood well, according to the great Muslim scholar, Al-Razi, “the intention of taking the jizya is not to approve the disbelief of non-Muslims in Islam, but rather to spare their lives and to give them some time; in hope that during it, they might stop to reflect on the virtues of Islam and its compelling arguments, and consequently converting from disbelief to belief. That's why it's important to pay the jizya with humiliation and servility, because naturally, any sensible person cannot stand humiliation and servility. So if the disbeliever is given some time watching the pride of Islam and hearing evidences of its authenticity, and see the humiliation of the disbelief, then apparently this might carry him to convert to Islam, and that's the main rationale behind the enactment of the jizya.” Surely, the articles you mentioned above should at least represent a clear view of Islam and how the religion expanded! I am very thankful to Allah that I chose to leave the religion having been a devout Muslim I know that often these things are not thought about perhaps because of fear that Allah will punish you for considering them. But I don't think this is true of Allah.

  95. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba u dont hv cmplt information about the statements n teachings ………….

  96. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood Well, Ibn Kathir, Sheikh ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyya, agreed with Al-Razi!

  97. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba bro,take care may ALLAH guide U TO THE RT PATH AMEEN ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,i hv a firm belief n in my view there r many instances n mnay incidents ,we have a rich history , its very difficult for a common man to understand all situations n reasons behind a statement n with lil knowledge none can say anything

  98. Abu Mulumba says:

    Please read Al-Razi, Fakhr al-Din (1981). "(9:29)". Tafsir al-Kabir. Dar Al-fiker and Tafsir Ibn Kathr on this.

  99. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood May Allah guide us all!

  100. Laiba Maqsood says:

    Abu Mulumba ok bro
    ameen

  101. David Welsh says:

    Abu Mulumba . I have just written a long answer to what was asked but the link would not take my answer and upload it! I am happy to freind you to discuss these matters!

  102. Abu Mulumba says:

    Laiba Maqsood You make it sound like a bad thing for Muslims to be engaged in Military service under Islamic law! Its a virtue of Islam, so non-Muslim citizens are not allowed to participate not because this is a favour but because they cannot participate under Islamic law, just like they cannot participate in Islamic prayers, hajj etc. they are not given a choice whether to participate in combat or pay jizya.

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