Quran: The Word of God

877-Why-Islam Brochure

The Quran is the holy book which Muslims recite and turn to for guidance in all aspects of their lives. Its verses have remained intact since their original revelation by God in the 7th century. This brochure explains the divine origin of the Quran by elaborating upon its preservation, authenticity and miracles. It also discusses the Quranic message which has universal appeal and is relevant for all times.

The Quran is the last testament in a series of divine revelations from God (Allah in Arabic). It consists of the unaltered and direct words of God, which were revealed through the Angel Gabriel to Muhammadp, the final prophet of Islam, more than 1400 years ago.

Islam is a continuation of the message received by previous prophets, such as Noah, Abraham, David, Moses and Jesus, peace be upon them all. Therefore, the Quran maintains the pure teachings of previous revelations, including the Torah and the Gospel. The Quran describes that all the prophets taught people to believe in the One God, the Creator. The messengers also instructed them to spend their lives with God-consciousness, doing good deeds and avoiding sins. Moreover, they warned their fellow humans of accountability in the afterlife, a subject which the Quran returns to again and again.

Since its revelation, the Quran (also spelled ‘Koran’) has remained preserved in its exact, primary text. While numerous translations of the Quran exist, they are all based on the single, original Arabic script, making the Quran unique from previous scriptures in its pure authenticity.

Message

The distinctive approach of the Quran is that its spiritual message includes practical injunctions aimed at the general welfare of individuals, society and the environment in which we live.

The Quran’s message is eternal and universal, transcending our differences in race, color, ethnicity and nationality. It provides guidance on every facet of human life – from economics and the ethics of trade to marriage, divorce, parenting, gender issues and inheritance.

Monotheism is a prominent theme of the Quran, affirming that God is One without any partners. In a concisely-worded Quranic chapter, God commands, “Say, ‘He is God the One, God the eternal. He begot no one nor was He begotten. No one is comparable to Him’” (112:1-4).

A foundational message in the Quran is its emphasis on righteous conduct built on firm belief and love for God. The Quran acknowledges human desires while reminding individuals to cultivate their souls. In addition, God calls on humans to use their intellect and reflect on the world around them. The Quran encourages humankind to recognize the signs of God’s existence in the precise order of the universe and the careful placement of every object in the total scheme of creation.

As Cat Stevens (Yusuf Islam), former British pop star, has expressed, “Everything made so much sense. This is the beauty of the Quran; it asks you to reflect and reason… When I read the Quran further, it talked about prayer, kindness and charity. I was not a Muslim yet, but I felt the only answer for me was the Quran and God had sent it to me.”

Preservation

Muslims believe that God sent many revelations to humanity throughout history, and over time they underwent changes from their original form. However, God chose to preserve His message to humanity in His final revelation, the Quran. Yet, one might wonder, which evidence supports the claim that the Quran has never been modified?

The Quran was revealed to Prophet Muhammadp over a period of 23 years. The unique rhythmic style of the Quran made it easy to memorize, which has been the main source of its preservation. Moreover, since Prophet Muhammadp could not read or write, he appointed scribes to record the Quran as it was being revealed to him. Thus, the complete Quran was not only memorized by Prophet Muhammadp and many of his companions, but it also existed in its entirety in written form during his lifetime.

Within a year after Prophet Muhammadp’s death, a manuscript of the entire Quran was assembled by a committee led by his chief scribe, who followed stringent criteria to safeguard against any errors. This copy was approved unanimously by Prophet Muhammadp’s companions, including hundreds that had memorized the entire Quran. Eventually, several copies of the Quran were compiled in book form and distributed to the major Muslim cities. One such copy is currently at the museum in Tashkent and a facsimile of it, produced in 1905, is available in the Columbia University Library.

The process of memorization began during Prophet Muhammadp’s life and is still emphasized by Muslims to this day. In his book, An Introduction to Hadith, John Burton explains that oral transmission through the generations aids preservation by diminishing reliance solely on written records. Manuscripts which are not protected through memorization can be altered, edited or lost overtime. However, a book that is committed to memory by millions of people across the world over centuries cannot be changed due to the amount of people who know it word-for-word.

God promises in the Quran, “We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly Guard it (from corruption)” (15:9).

 

Authenticity

Many people mistakenly believe that the Quran was authored by Prophet Muhammadp. In fact, the Quran is the preserved speech of God. At the same time, one might ask, which proofs indicate that the Quran is the Word of God and not the writings of Prophet Muhammadp?

In the Quran, God addresses Prophet Muhammadp,You never recited any Scripture before We revealed this one to you; you never wrote one down with your hand” (29:48). In other words, Prophet Muhammadp, who was known to be illiterate, neither read any previous scriptures nor wrote the Quran.

Prophet Muhammadp was greatly regarded in his society for his superior character and exceptional manners, earning him the title of the ‘Truthful One.’ Even after his prophethood, the elite of Mecca were ready to make him their leader, so long as he allowed them to continue their pagan lifestyles. Yet, he was willing to forego all worldly glory in order to fulfill his mission. As a result, he suffered patiently through persecution and exile before ultimately succeeding in revolutionizing the entire Arabian Peninsula.

Through it all, God kept on revealing the Quran to him piecemeal. Occasionally, the revelations stopped temporarily, reminding him and others that he had no control over them. Once, when two envoys posed some questions to him, he replied, “Tomorrow I will tell you.” He expected God will inspire the answers in him through revelation and he waited for Angel Gabriel. However, revelation did not come during the next few weeks even as Meccans taunted him. Finally, God sent him the response while admonishing him, “Do not say of anything, ‘I will do that tomorrow,’ without adding, ‘God willing’” (Quran, 18:23-24).

The Quran was revealed at a time when the Arabs excelled in oral poetry. However, despite his intelligence, Prophet Muhammadp was not skilled in composing poetry. Yet, when the Quranic verses were recited, they stunned even the most acclaimed poets in the society. Deeply moved by the rhythmic tone, literary merit and penetrating wisdom of the Quran, many converted to Islam. Indeed, the science of Arabic grammar was developed after the revelation of the Quran, using the Quran as a basis for devising its rules.

There are many miracles in the Quran which themselves attest to the fact that this truly is a divine scripture.

Miracles

The Quran mentions phenomena that were unknown at the time. In fact, many were only recently discovered by modern science.

For example, God describes the stages of human development in the womb:

We created man from an essence of clay, then We placed him as a drop of fluid in a safe place, then We made that drop into a clinging form, and We made that form into a lump of flesh, and We made that lump into bones, and We clothed those bones with flesh, and later We made him into other forms –– glory be to God, the best of creators! (Quran, 23:12-14)

Professor Keith Moore, a prominent scientist of anatomy and embryology at the University of Toronto, Canada, has stated, “It has been a great pleasure for me to help clarify statements in the Quran about human development. It is clear to me that these statements must have come to Muhammad from God … because almost all of this knowledge was not discovered until many centuries later.”

The Quran also describes the expansion of the universe: “And it is We who have built the universe with (Our creative) power; and verily, it is We who are steadily expanding it” (51:47). It was not until 1925, when Edwin Hubble provided evidence of receding galaxies, that the expanding universe came to be accepted as a scientific fact.

Professor Alfred Kroner, a world-famous geologist, explained: “Thinking about many of these questions and thinking where Muhammad came from, he was after all a Bedouin, I think it is almost impossible that he could have known about things like the common origin of the universe, because scientists have only found out within the last few years with very complicated and advanced technological methods that this is the case.”

Universality

“This is the Scripture in which there is no doubt, containing guidance for those who are mindful of God, who believe in the unseen…” (Quran, 2:2-3).

The Quranic message is relevant to every nation and era – another proof that the Quran is truly the Word of God. Intending for this Book to remain a source of guidance, inspiration, wisdom and healing for all of humanity, God designed its message to transcend the bounds of time.

The Quran’s divine message applies to all aspects of life and rises above the superficial differences among humans. Its teachings guide the spiritual, social and intellectual needs of humanity. It encourages us to remember God often, to humble ourselves before Him, to fulfill our promises, to work together as a community and to remain patient and perseverant in times of hardship. Quranic stories teach us the importance of placing our trust in God, speaking the truth in the face of injustice and dealing with fellow humans with mercy.

In a world starved of love and compassion, the Quran’s universal message provides the solution to the collective despair of the human condition. We invite you to open it and receive the great benefit this book has to offer.

This is a blessed Book which We sent down to you [Muhammad], for people to ponder over its message, and for those with understanding to be reminded. (Quran, 38:29)

 

Note: The subscript p next to Prophet Muhammadp represents the invocation Muslims say with his name: May God’s peace and blessings be upon him.

14 Comments

  1. Bob says:

    Do you really think that by all the Islamic signs that you post along the freeways will change our minds about who blew-up the Twin Towers in New York ? It was you Islamic jjhadists murdering 3000 people as the Muslim Islamists say that they are murdering all none believers in the name of Alla . Wow , if that is what you really believe then I feel sorry for you . No , there are not 70 plus virgins waiting for you on the other side but you will be sent to Hell . If I had my way , ALL of you Muslims ” Islamics ” would be rounded up and sent to Iran where you can kill one another .

  2. Farrukh Mazhar Khan says:

    MashAllah good article.

  3. mash, allah very good article.

  4. Abdi Yayo says:

    MASH ALLAH! May Allah reward all Muslims who are behind the creation of this web site and Kaaba TV Station.And all those who enrich it with abundance of Islamic knowledge. May Allah make it means of knowledge and guidance for multitude of people who visit this site. I encourage Muslim brothers and sisters to invite and introduce Non Muslims to this site with hope and sincere intention that Allah will make it means of guidance for them.AMEEN. http://www.whyislam.org

  5. Sitara Jamal Awan says:

    Comments for Bob's comments:Allah give you Awareness Amen.

  6. ZnAr Z BarZani says:

    ?? ???? ??? ????.

  7. this is a misleading information for the poor muslims out there. the quran has not been preserved and Muhammed never spoke for the true God.

  8. Ruskie Grey says:

    There is 4 versions of the koran.NOT 1.

  9. Anonymous says:

    There isnt four versions of the Quran, what a morron are you, theres only ONE QURAN in the entire universe, where the hell did you find four??? Your so stupid!

  10. Anonymous says:

    Get a life you ignorant fool

  11. Ruskie Grey says:

    Mostafa Mansoori you are the one who is stupid and believes anything people say.Go and have a brain you idiot.Go and LEARN.Mohammad even stated go and learn till China.Your education level in Islam may I ask? You are undoubtedly using the Uthamanias version there is also the Hassaniah version you idiot.Go and check it Out and LEARN.The other 2 version I will name one only for you it is the Fatima version The last version if you cant find out it shows that your belief in your own religion not to say knowlege is pitifu

  12. Joshua Chai says:

    Isn't the Qu'ran only formed in written form after the death of Prophet Mohammed? In Hadith Al-Bukhari Volume 6 pg62-63; book 60 Chapter 152. Tradition 201, Mohammed disciples are narrated to deciding on forming the Qu'ran due to the deaths of Qurra's(those who know Qu'ran by heart).

  13. Ahmed Adam says:

    Thank you for an excellent article that is well-written and highlights the salient points about the Qur'an and Islam. Some of the comments listed here, unfortunately reflect the unintentional ignorance of some people about Islam and Muslims. Firstly, do not judge a religion by its followers. If a Muslim makes a mistake, do not condemn the Religion Islam. If a Christian makes a mistake, do not condemn Christianity. Who is there to say that one way is correct and another way is incorrect? Many people follow the Religion of their household and grow up holding firm to that Religion without considering other options. Religion is simply a "way" to find the answers to some of the most important questions such as: Who Created me? Who is the real and Only True God? Why was I Created? What is my purpose in Life? What happens to me when I die? Why is my life on Earth (less than 100 years) so short, in comparison to the Eternity that is to follow? What if I have been following the incorrect Path (Religion) and only find out after my Death, that I was misled? Will I spend my Eternal life in regret that I did not consider all the possibilities while I still had the opportunity on Earth? The Creator Who Created me, has given me a Free Will to seek Him out and find the True Path. I cannot find the True Path by myself, nor my parents, nor my priests, nor by reading books. I have to pray directly to God and seek His Guidance: O my Creator! If the Religion (Path) that I am currently following, is the CORRECT Path that will lead me to You, then keep me firm on this Way and let me not be deviated. O my Creator! If the Religion (Path) that I am currently following is the INCORRECT path that leads away from You, then please instil in me the correct Guidance so that I can find You. Your Creator is the Only One Who can give you the Guidance that you seek; however, the onus is on you: you must seek Him. If you seek His Guidance, He will not abandon you. In short, Islam is the primordial Religion of all Mankind. All the Prophets (Peace be upon them all) followed Islam, and all the Prophets (Peace be upon them) worshipped Allah (SWT), the One True God. This includes Adam, Noah, Job, Abraham, Joseph, Jacob, Jesus, Moses and Mohammed (Peace and Blessings be upon them all). This commonality is what makes the "Family" of Humanity. We are all related by a common Father and common Mother. It is Allah (SWT- Glorified be His Name), who Chose the Prophets, Taught them the Truth and Correct Guidance out of His Love and Mercy for His Creation. He did not send us to Earth and then simply abandon us. In addition to the Prophets, Allah (SWT) also sent various Revelations that were then carefully recorded by the Prophets or their trustworthy companions. Through the passage of time, the following has occurred to the Divine Scriptures: some have been lost forever; in some cases, a few pages of parchment are found, in an ancient and difficult language; in some cases, the Word of God has been corrupted as follows: some verses have been deleted and some new verses have been added by priests and politicians to suit their purposes in times gone by. Hence, the Word of God has been mixed up with the word of man; in this case, unfortunately, the students of these books study the words of man, as if it is the Word of God (good, decent people, have been misled in this way). Finally, Allah (SWT-Glorified be His Name), then sent the Final Prophet for all of Mankind (the Seal of Prophets) and the latest, last and Final Divine Scripture (Seal of all Scriptures) to be recorded Word-for-Word as the Word of God, without adding or deleting any single word or sentence or paragraph.Furthermore, the Language of the Qur'an is not an ancient forgotten Language, but is currently being used in the Middle East and the Arab World. The Qur'an is not a Guidance for Muslims: it is the Guidance for all of Mankind forevermore. The Muslims have a closer association with the Christians and the Jews than they have with Atheists, Agnostics and Evolutionists and all those who reject the very idea of a Supreme Being and Lord of the Worlds. Finally, there is no doubt whatsoever, that after Death, when the Day of Judgement arrives, every single human being from the First Human to the Last Human, irrespective of race, religion, ideology, nationality, gender, status (president or pauper) will all be standing in front of Allah (SWT) and no one else, since Allah (SWT) is the One True God, and there is no other god besides Him, no matter how firmly people want to believe anything to the contrary. My desire for you is for you to remove the brain-washing of your mind, and use your God-Given Intelligence, as the most intelligent of species on earth, and embark on a journey of self Discovery, once and for all, to ascertain if you are following the Correct Path, or if you are unintentionally on a wrong Path. The time to make this Discovery is now (before Death overtakes you), and we all know that Death can come at any time….

  14. JOSHUA YOU ARE PRESERVATION OF THE HOLY QURAN WHICH NEEDED TO BE WRITTEN BECAUSE THOSE WHOSE COMMITTED INTO MEMORY WERE DYING IN BATTLES AND THE NEED TO TO BE MEMORISED DO NOT FORGET THE WHOLE QURAN WAS MEMORISE BY MANY COMPANION AND HENCE THE NEED FOR COMPILATION IN A BOOK FORM

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